The United States of America is one of the five largest countries in the world. Its area cannot be accurately measured, as it includes numerous islands and trust territories. According to the latest data, the territory of the United States is 9,518,900 km².
The country is bordered by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state is separated from Russia by the sea borders of the Bering Strait, from Cuba by the Strait of Florida. In the east, the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, in the south – by the Gulf of Mexico of the Caribbean Sea, in the west and southwest – by the Pacific Ocean, in the north and northwest – by the Arctic Ocean.
The territory of the United States is conditionally divided into the continental, the Alaska Peninsula and the Hawaiian Islands. The highest point of the state (Mount McKinley) is located in Alaska. Its height reaches 6.193m above sea level. The USA has mountain systems, canyons, deserts, waterfalls, rivers and lakes.
The territory of the United States is located in almost all climatic zones: from subarctic in Alaska to tropical in Hawaii, but most of it lies in the temperate continental climate zone. The western territories with deserts and semi-deserts are characterized by dry weather and light rainfall. The east of the country is characterized by high humidity with 2000 mm of precipitation per year. In summer, the averages in the northern and southern states range from +22°C to +28°C. In winter, temperatures range from -2°С to +8°С in the north and south, respectively.
To make your vacation comfortable, pay attention to the weather in the USA by months.
Weather in the USA in January
There are few tourists in the US in January. The best places to visit are the southern states, for example, Florida or Hawaii, where you can swim all year round, and the water temperature does not drop below +22°C. In Alaska, there is an arctic cold: on some days, frost reaches -35 ° C. In Washington in the daytime +9°C, in New York up to +6°C. The national averages range from -10°С to +6°С.
Weather in the USA in February
February weather differs little from January and is suitable for any entertainment depending on the state: beach, sightseeing and ski holidays. In New York in the daytime + 7 ° С, precipitation is possible. In Washington up to +10°С. In Los Angeles during the day, the thermometer rises to + 14 ° C, and in Seattle – up to + 6 ° C. Water warms up to +24.5°С. In Anchorage – the southern part of Alaska – the average February temperatures do not exceed -8°C.
Weather in the USA in March
The tourist season starts in March. In New York, Seattle, Detroit and Washington, the air warms up to + 11 ° C during the day, at night this mark drops below + 5 ° C. In Los Angeles during the day up to + 15 ° C heat. Miami pleases with summer-like warm indicators of + 22 ° С. In the southern and southeastern regions, average temperatures range from +21°С to +22°С. The water temperature in the Atlantic Ocean is +22°C.
Weather in the USA in April
In April, you can experience all types of precipitation in the USA, including fog, snow, heavy rain, and in places – hot dry weather. There are tornadoes depending on the region. Average temperatures across the country range from +6°С to +18°С. Rainfall is about 90 mm. In Washington during the day up to +21°С, at night up to +8°С. It is cool in New York: +17°С during the day, +7°С at night. The hottest place is in Miami, where during the day the air warms up to +29°C. Water off the coast of Florida reaches a temperature mark of + 25 ° C.
Weather in the USA in May
In May, spring weather can be traced in many regions. In New York and Washington, the air warms up to + 23 ° С … + 25 ° С during the day, at night the temperature drops to + 12 ° С. Denver and Minneapolis are relatively cold, with averages ranging from +16°C to +21°C. The south and southeast coasts are warmest. The air during the day warms up to +26°С…+31°С, cooling down to +21…+17°С at night. Water on the coast of Miami reaches +27°C.
Weather in the USA in June
In June, in the region of the Hawaiian Islands and the southeastern states, there is an intense amount of precipitation (more than 250 mm). Daytime temperatures reach +31°C. In the central territories it is warm, from +19°С to +27°С, precipitation in the form of rain may fall. In mountainous areas, daytime temperatures reach +8°C. In New York and Washington, up to 110 mm of precipitation falls, during the day the air warms up to + 28 ° С … + 30 ° С, at night it cools down to + 18 ° С.
Weather in the USA in July
In July, the amount of precipitation varies depending on the region: in Miami, about 200 mm falls, in Las Vegas – no more than 20 mm. In the central part of the country, average temperatures range from +16°С to +25°С. In the south-west of the country, the air warms up to +35°C during the day. In Washington in July, + 32 ° С during the day, + 21 ° С at night, more than 100 mm of precipitation falls here this month.
Weather in the USA in August
In August, temperatures vary by region. In the north of the country, the air does not get warmer than +18°C, while in the southern states the temperature rises to +35°C and above. The water of the southern coast resembles fresh milk: +27°C. In Washington and New York during the day +30°С…+31°С, at night +21°С. Precipitation falls from 80 mm to 100 mm.
Weather in USA in September
In September, summer weather is in many states, but in Alaska it is already cold in autumn: about + 11 ° С. The maximum indicators are in Arizona, where the air warms up to + 32 ° С during the day. In the central regions of the country, daytime temperatures vary from +21°С to +26°С, at night these figures drop to +16°С…+18°С. In Washington, +28°С during the day, +17°С at night. Precipitation falls more than 100 mm.
Weather in the USA in October
While summer continues in Florida and other southeastern states (up to + 29 ° C during the day), a significant cooling sets in in the northern and central parts of the United States. The lowest temperatures are observed in Alaska, where during the day up to +4˚С, the highest – in Arizona (above +31˚С). In the rest of the country, average temperatures range from +15˚C to +26˚C during the day, dropping to +10˚C at night.
Weather in the USA in November
It is coldest in November in Alaska, down to -8˚С, warmer in Florida, Arizona and California, up to +26˚С. The water temperature on the coast cools down to +21˚С. In the rest of the United States, the average air temperature is + 11˚С … + 18˚С during the day and + 4˚С … + 7˚С at night. In Washington and New York during the day + 14˚С … + 16˚С, at night up to + 5˚С.
Weather in the USA in December
Winters in the United States are relatively mild. Only in Alaska sub-zero temperatures prevail (down to -10˚С). It is warmest in Arizona and Florida, where the air warms up to +22˚С. The water in Florida is invigorating: +18˚С. In the rest of the country, daytime temperatures range from +4˚С to +10˚С, and at night they drop to 0˚С and below. In Washington during the day + 10˚С, at night up to 0˚С. In December, up to 80 mm of precipitation falls here.